The chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterized primarily by a deep fatigue, which is accompanied by a serie of symptoms that directly affect the life of the patient. It has been classified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a new disease of neurological type of infectious, recurrent and resistant to drugs. It is multisystemic, affects and at the same time compromises different systems such as the immune, neuroendocrine and autonomic nervous system.
The main characteristics are intense physical and mental fatigue lasting for at least six months, which significantly affects the development of the person in their occupational, social and personal activities and is often accompanied by flu symptoms. In addition, it must be accompanied by more than 4 of the following symptoms: concentration difficulties and memory loss, recurrent pharyngitis, lymphadenopathy, muscle pain, joint pain, new-onset headaches, unrefreshing sleep, fatigue after exertion (physical or mental) that persists more than 24 hours after it.
In addition to the symptoms mentioned above, those suffering from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome can present additional symptoms such as: visual problems, psychological problems, chills and night sweats, low grade fever or low body temperature, irritable bowel, allergies and sensitivity to food, smells, noises, chemicals or medications, numbness, tingling or burning sensation in the face or extremities, difficulty in maintaining an erect position, balance problems and fainting.
The type of fatigue experienced by these patients is not normal fatigue that subsides with rest. It is “pathological” and is combined with exhaustion, weakness, heaviness, malaise, cephalad instability and drowsiness, symptoms that are often extremely debilitating and debilitating for the patient. The ability to perform activities on the patient is reduced by 50% or more. This makes it impossible for them to go out and perform certain activities on their own.
Cognitive exhaustion may be evident when the patient’s responses become slower, less coherent, and experience more problems in finding words and information. They also experience debilitating fatigue, general pain, functional deterioration, as well as additional symptoms that can increase after having made immediate physical effort or even a lapse after performing it.
They have overload phenomena such as hypersensitivity to sounds, temperature and odors, as well as photophobia. They have difficulty concentrating in the presence of two stimuli, especially if they are auditory and visual simultaneously. The patient is unable to perform activities standing (vertically), after being a period of time standing, the patient experiences extreme fatigue, urgently to lie down, confusion, discomfort and increased symptoms.
At the endocrine level, the symptomatology is loss of thermostatic capacity, intolerance to cold or heat that may worsen in the presence of other symptoms, marked changes in weight, hypoglycaemia, CNS dysregulation.
There is no specific treatment to end this disease, however, it is treated as much as possible to reduce symptoms, strengthening the bond between the patient and his family, in addition to physical therapy, and regulation of the hours of sleep. Self-help strategies are also carried out, which contribute to improving the patient’s quality of life.
How can Hyperbaric Oxygenation Treatment help?
Hyperbaric Oxygenation Treatment relieves the symptoms of patients with chronic fatigue. The increase of available oxygen in the blood has anti-inflammatory effects, regenerates tissues, increases peripheral and central nervous system blood flow, has action on neurotransmitters and reduces muscle fatigue, relieving pain and improving quality of life. In addition, it induces restful and restful sleep.
Arroyo- Araya, Randal, Morera-Hernández, Héctor, CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME. Scientific Odontology Magazine [online] 2012, 8 (July-December): [Date of consultation: May 10, 2018] Available at: <http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=324227916006> ISSN 1659-1992
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